In fiscal year 2019, ICE’s Enforcement and Removal Operations (ERO) officers arrested approximately 143,000 aliens and removed more than 267,000 – which is an increase in removals from the prior year.
In fiscal 2018, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) and U.S. Immigration and Custom Enforcement (ICE) together carried out 337,287 removals of unauthorized immigrants, a 17% increase from the previous year, according to the Department of Homeland Security.
But removals remained below the levels recorded during much of the Obama administration, including a three-year period between fiscal 2012 and 2014 when there were more than 400,000 per year. So, the United States has seen more removals or deportation under the Obama administration than under the Trump administration.
ICE, which handles majority of deportations, said in its most recent year-end report that its removal operations have encountered several challenges, including a growing backlog of cases in the immigration courts and “judicial and legislative constraints” that make it difficult to deport minors and family members.
Enforcement and Removal Operations (ERO) manages a detained and non-detained docket which includes aliens in all stages of the immigration process across the country. During fiscal year 2019, ICE’s detained and non-detained dockets both reached record highs in fiscal year 2019, overwhelmingly due to the historic levels of CBP apprehensions at the Southwest Border.
In fiscal year 2019:
- 73% of all initial book-ins to ICE custody resulted from CBP apprehensions, while overall initial book-ins to ICE custody increased 29% compared to FY 2018 and 58% compared to FY 2017.
- ERO’s Average Daily Population in custody reached 50,165 in FY 2019, an increase of 19% compared to FY 2018. At times, ERO’s detention population exceeded 56,000.
- ICE’s Average Length of Stay for its detained population was 34.3 days, which decreased from 39.4 days in FY 2018 and 43.7 days in FY 2017.
- The number of aliens on ICE’s non-detained docket surpassed 3 million cases for the first time (3.2 million), up from 2.6 million cases at the end of FY 2018 and 2.4 million at the end of FY 2017.
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